Reconciliation Must Evolve to Reflect Growing Complexity of Todays Conflicts, Participants Stress during Day-Long Security Council Open Debate

Once all legitimate missing or duplicate transactions have been posted or removed, the closing balance on the account being reconciled should agree to the closing balance of the external document it is being reconciled against. These values tend to be reported separately within annual accounts, so their accuracy is important for both internal and external purposes. Performing intercompany reconciliations allow for the parent company to produce accurate consolidated accounts. Customer reconciliations are performed by businesses which offer credit terms to their customers.

  • ION JINGA (Romania) said that while reconciliation processes are highly context‑sensitive, with no “one size fits all” solutions for post-conflict situations, some recommendations are universally valid.
  • Post-conflict reconciliation is a long-term process requiring support from the international community, although there is no single approach that fits every context.
  • The future will
    never be free of conflict, so an appropriate goal of reconciliation
    processes is to establish norms for resolving disagreements in a
    peaceful, just and equitable manner.
  • Another view, which emerges specifically out of the literature on
    political reconciliation, insists that reconciliation cannot be
    defined pre-politically (Schaap 2005) or in a non-context specific
    manner (Kofi Annan Foundation 2018).
  • Reconciliation is the long-term process by which the parties to a violent dispute build trust, learn to live cooperatively, and create a stable peace.

“Rwanda’s experience speaks volumes here,” he said, recalling that the country’s local justice system — carried out by the semi‑traditional “Gacaca Courts” — managed to hear more than 2 million cases in 10 years in an open and impartial manner. In the same decade, the International Criminal Court heard only 100 cases and spent more than 45 times as many resources, he said. It is essential to address conflict‑related violations by all available means that are free of politically motivated objectives. In some armed conflict situations, including those of a protracted nature, accountability has not received the proper attention and perpetrators enjoy impunity for the most serious crimes.

British Dictionary definitions for Reconciliation

Different dimensions of reconciliation — interpersonal, intergroup or interstate — demand different types of engagement, he said, underscoring the importance of considering different types of local actors. The city of Coventry in the United Kingdom, which was badly bombed during the Second World War, led an amazing mission of reconciliation, working with war‑torn citizens of “Iron Curtain” countries in cities such as Dresden, Belgrade and Warsaw during the cold war years. Financial support only becomes helpful when part of a larger, locally designed and locally led process.

  • Canada’s delegate spotlighted his country’s reconciliation efforts, which tackled its colonial history and its painful relationship with indigenous peoples.
  • Reconciliation as an outcome is only one of the potential objectives of transitional justice, and its relevance depends on each context.
  • An important part of it was training women leaders for grass‑roots implementation of “the handshake”.
  • LUIS UGARELLI (Peru) said reconciliation must be seen as a process that reveals and addresses the root causes of conflict.
  • Here, the task is to articulate an account of improved relationships
    that satisfies a normative standard for the relationship in question,
    a standard that may not have been previously realized in practice.
  • MICHAL MLYNÁR (Slovakia), associating himself with the statement to be delivered by the European Union, said that reconciliation represents an important process aimed at rebuilding trust and strengthening resilience.

In Chile and South Africa, a great deal of weight was placed on making the truth known about what had happened, why, and which institutions were responsible through their truth and reconciliation commissions. When commentators work with a different conception of forgiveness, the
discussion of reconciliation is also different. Such
views have been labeled ‘relational’ or
‘commissive’ accounts of forgiveness (Blustein 2014,
Pettigrove 2012). Exactly how much one gives up in forgiving is not
always specified and opinions seem to differ. But
does forgiving entail that he also forswears calling for punishment by
the proper authorities, or reparations for the harms he suffered, or
his right to remind the wrongdoer and others of the wrong?

Contact information for questions related to Reconciliation:

Justified anger against the perpetrators will
not be exorcised, and may instead find expression in acts of
revenge. Both apologies and memorials combine an acknowledgment of a
troublesome past with the suggestion of an emotional reaction to that
past, such as remorse, regret or grief. Yet, even without such
emotional content, the communication of the facts of the past can play
a role in Individual victims and survivors often find
themselves unable to move on when they are uncertain about crucial
facts of the past.

“Silencing the gun is fundamental but does not of itself bring societies together,” she remarked. It is almost always followed by a long process of acknowledging past wrongs and rebuilding trust. Ireland’s peace process ended some 30 years of violence in Northern Ireland and work continues today between the Governments of Ireland and the United Kingdom within the framework of the 1998 Good Friday Agreement. The debate about the nature of political reconciliation reflects a
concern, not only with ideals of political relationship, but also with
non-ideal facts about societies torn apart by injustice or violence. For example, Bhargava (2012) defends a weak conception of
reconciliation by emphasizing how significant an achievement peaceful
coexistence can be in the aftermath of atrocities. He worries that
advocating the pursuit of stronger forms of reconciliation will
require that the past be forgotten, leaving the victims to absorb the
costs of that past without protest.

Truth, Justice, Peace, Mercy

To ensure justice, the Council has established several international courts and tribunals to try those responsible for the most serious crimes committed during conflicts. The establishment of the International Criminal Court expressed the international community’s strong conviction that justice is an intrinsic part of building peace and security. Such mechanisms have also given victims the opportunity to have their voices heard in an objective and public forum where accounts of the atrocities committed are not denied or even displayed as national victories. Ruling of an international court or tribunal expresses a strong condemnation of the international community for the crimes committed. Syria presents an extremely challenging context for processes because of ongoing conflict, atrocities, and almost half of the country’s population is displaced. Steps should be taken now to ensure the participation of displaced persons and other victims in discussions about return and reconciliation upon a political settlement being reached.

Why do people reconcile?

It can build bridges between opposing parties, and help repair fractured relationships. It can help break the cycle of violence, aid post-traumatic reconciliation, build a more peaceful common future, and ultimately sustain peace.

The case of transitional justice fostering divisions, if seen as lacking legitimacy or impartiality, is likely if it is inappropriate for the context or without participation and transparency. Reconciliation may have negative connotations if it is promoted by actors as the only possible outcome, as a substitute for accountability and recognition, or as a synonym for criminal justice. To the extent that transitional justice processes succeed in recognizing victims, restoring trust in the state and one’s fellow citizens, and preventing future violations, they may positively contribute to vertical and/or horizontal reconciliation in different contexts.

Annual Budget Carryover

So if a bill costs $2 trillion over five years, the average annual impact—$400 billion, in this example—would show up on the FY2022 scorecard to be squeezed out of Medicare, farm benefits, etc. Congress cannot waive the provisions of the PAYGO Act in a reconciliation bill, but it usually does waive them in some subsequent piece of legislation, one which could require a 60-vote majority in the Senate. Republicans tried and failed to use reconciliation to repeal large parts of the Affordable Care Act in 2016 and 2017. President Obama vetoed the 2016 attempt; the “no” votes of three Republican senators blocked the 2017 effort.


KAHA IMNADZE (Georgia) said that his country’s Government spares no effort to build trust and confidence between the artificially divided communities of its occupied regions of Abkhazia and the Tskhinvali region/South Ossetia. Recalling a recently adopted package of peace initiatives called “A Step to a Better Future”, he reported that it provides possibilities for economic activity and trade across the dividing lines for the first time. The initiative covers three dimensions, including facilitating trade to encourage joint business initiatives and simplify trade, enabling products produced in occupied regions to have access to the internal Georgian and foreign markets. It also enhances educational opportunities for the people there, and eases access to State services by simplifying technical procedures for obtaining Georgia passports and life‑cycle documents, he said.

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